The vibrant heritage & history of Agra has ancient monuments that hold memories of historic linkage of Hinduism of 1000 BC. Apart from Mughal rulers there was a lot of other rulers who contributed significantly for heritage importance of Agra City.It is widely acknowledged that Agra was both an ancient city from the times of the epic Mahabharata ( which accentuates Hinduism) untill Sultan Sikandar Lodī, the Muslim ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, founded this city in 1504. After Sikandar’s death, the city passed on to his son, Sultan Ibrahim Lodi who ruled his kingdom from Agra until he was defeated by first Mughal emperor Babar in the 1st battle of Panipat which was fought in 1526. It was also known as Akbarabad and was capital of the Mughal empire under the mughal emperors Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan.The golden era of the city began with the Mughals.Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals regime, it witnessed a lot of construction activities. The first mughal king Babar, the father of the Mughal dynasty, laid out the first formal Persian garden on the right bank of river Yamuna. The garden is popular by name of the Aram Bagh or the Garden of Relaxation. His grandson Akbar the Great raised the towering ramparts of Agra Fort, besides making Agra a centre for learning, arts, commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts of Agra called Fatehpur Sikri (Victory Village). This city was built in the form of a Mughal military camp in stone. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of Marathas and was called Agra, before falling into the hands of the British Raj in 1803.Agra is the birthplace of the religion known as Din-i Ilahi, which flourished during the reign of 3rd mughal ruler Akbar and also of the Radha swami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide. Agra has historic linkages with Shauripur of Jainism and Runukta of Hinduism. District Agra chas emerged as a prominent embarkation point for traveller due to global marketing of Taj Mahal by Indian government through popular campaign incredible India promoted by bollywood celebrity. India , the second subcontinent in Asia after china , has 31 states & 7 central Territories.The Uttar Pradesh is second largest state by Area & largest state by population which comprises 55 districts. Agra is one of the prominent district in it.
Traveller can access Agra by Flight , Train or Surface.
BY AIR : Agra neither has International nor domestic Airport due to this inbound tourist land at Airport in Delhi. Once traveller arrive Agra Airport they can hire taxi from Airport prepaid booth for sightseeing.
BY TRAIN : In past travellers has no other option to access Agra from Delhi except by road because there were no fastest trains which operate on daily frequency basis from Delhi - Agra or Agra - Delhi on same day. So Central government of India took aggressive initiative to start tourist centric trains from New Delhi to Agra there by promoting Express Train.
1. Shatabdi Express Train
2. Gatimaan Express Train
BY SURFACE : Traveller can access Agra by surface from Delhi by newly built expressway.
MONUMENTS IN AGRA – 3 WORLD HERITAGE SITES
Agra is cynosure of Indian tourism as it acquire distinction of have three world heritage sites & other monuments.
TAJ MAHAL (World Heritage Site)
TAJ MAHAL (World Heritage Site)
FATEHPUR SIKRI (World Heritage Site)
BABY TAJ MAHAL
Agra wildlife tour founded with sole motive of protecting and preserving Agra's natural heritage and wildlife , has acquired prominence among travellers visiting Agra for Bear & Elephant Care centre sanctuary respectively.
SHOPPING IN AGRA
Apart from tourism economy of Agra depends on handicraft work mainly marble inlay factory. Here descendants of those craftsmen who constructed Taj mahal are still working with same primitive tools they acquired from ancestors. Agra is also famous for leather work, hand knotted carpet, tapastry etc